What Genre Of Document Is The Sykes-Picot Agreement

On 15 September, the British distributed a memory aid (which had been the subject of a private debate two days earlier between Lloyd George and Clemenceau [103]), in which the British withdrew their troops in Palestine and Mesopotamia and handed over Damascus, Homs, Hama and Aleppo to Fay├žal`s troops. While accepting the withdrawal, clemenceau continued to insist on the Sykes-Picot agreement as the basis for all discussions. [104] In his doctoral thesis, Gibson discussed the role of oil in British strategic thinking at the time and mentioned Vilayet Mosul as France`s largest potential oil field in 1918 to accept its accession to the Iraqi mandate (the Clemenceau Lloyd George Agreement) in exchange for a share of oil and British support elsewhere. [53] In the space of 20 years, a Palestinian scholar called Sykes-Picot a shocking document – the product of greed, stupidity and double commerce. This article is part of a package for the centenary of the Sykes-Picot agreement. Read the counter-argument on the legacy of the document or the introductory article on the agreement. On Tuesday, December 28, Mark Sykes informed Gilbert Clayton that he had “received the negotiations from Picot.” Sykes and Picot held private interviews “almost every day” during the six-day period; no documents were received. [29] [30] The memorandum was forwarded to the Department of Foreign Affairs and circulated for notice. On 16 January, Sykes informed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that he had spoken to Picot and that he thought Paris could agree. On 21 January, Nicolson convened an inter-departmental conference. Following the meeting, a final draft agreement was circulated to cabinet on 2 February, the War Commission considered the 3rd and finally, at a meeting on the 4th between Bonar Law, Chamberlain, Lord Kitchener and others, it was decided that: in April 1920, the San Remo Class A conference on Syria handed Class A mandates to France and Iraq and Palestine to Great Britain. The same conference ratified an oil agreement reached at a London conference on 12 February, based on a slightly different version of the Long Berenger agreement, previously signed on 21 December in London.

The agreement effectively divided the Ottoman provinces outside the Arabian Peninsula into territories of control and influence of the United Kingdom and France. The countries controlled by Great Britain and France were divided by the Sykes-Picot line. [5] The agreement that gave Britain control of present-day southern Israel and Palestine, Jordan and southern Iraq, as well as another small area including the ports of Haifa and Acre, to allow access to the Mediterranean. [6] [7] [8] France should control southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. [8] The agreement thus helped to frame the contours of modern nation-states in a region where there were none before. Since it is essentially an agreement between two colonialist powers outside the region, it would have devastating effects. In addition, in a sign of British discontent with Sykes-Picot, Sykes wrote in August a “Memorandum on the Asia Minor Agreement” to support his renegotiation, to make the French understand that they “are doing a good job, that is, they should change their policy if they cannot make military efforts consistent with their policies.”

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